Urea scarcity triggers concerns among tea growers in South

Lavern Vogel

A scarcity of granular urea in South India has brought on fears between the tea growers, who concern the beverage’s output could be impacted, if the shortage persists in the season forward. Also, a sharp improve in price ranges of muriate of potash (MoP) has included to their problems.

When efforts are getting manufactured to stimulate the use of nano urea, growers stated the efficacy of the nutrient is nevertheless to be thoroughly proven in the case of tea. “There’s some scarcity on the availability of urea and it is a concern. If the scarcity continues in the months forward it will impression the tea crop,” an market resource stated. Urea is utilized in various rounds in tea gardens and growers are set to consider up the application of the nutrient from March onwards relying on the pre-monsoon showers.

Kerala Agriculture Office officers taken care of that the Condition has provided necessary portions of urea, MoP, DAP and intricate fertilisers. However, Y.C.Stephen, Point out president of the Little Tea Growers Affiliation, Kattappana, countered the claims of the Condition governing administration officers, stating compact tea growers are going through acute scarcity of fertilisers these types of as urea and potash.

Unaffordable

Out of the 20,000 tiny time growers in Idukki, Stephen reported only significantly less than just one per cent received the required quantities of fertilisers by the beginning of 2022. Aside from the urea shortage, increasing selling prices of MoP is also hitting tiny and medium growers hard, he explained. MoP price ranges have almost doubled to ₹34,000 a tonne.

A senior official in a primary tea manufacturing corporation in Kerala said the lack of urea and doubling of MoP rates will make manure software unaffordable, which will, in transform, have an affect on production likely ahead. Nano urea has only been recommended by experts only for foliar software as of now and not for soil application. So, nano urea for the time getting simply cannot change urea, the formal explained.

IFFCO resources said the nano urea is a substitute for the typical urea software. As a result, anywhere urea can substitute nano urea, despite the fact that the substitute proportion will change as it depends on diverse soil and crop variables, they said.

“Tea is a lengthy-period plantation crop and standard urea is used 4-5 instances (Basal/Drenching/Foliar) at diverse pruning levels and unpruned stages. Primarily based on farmer discipline/ growers’ knowledge 25-50 per cent substitution of common urea with nano urea is attainable. Tea estates at their amount have also performed encouraging trials and also acquired nano urea. Lengthy time period scientific trials with UPASI & TRA Tocklai, Guwahati are in method for gaining growers self confidence,” IFFCO sources explained.

Not an substitute

N Lakshmanan, a senior planter from Coonoor, said nano urea is not a total alternative for granular urea as far as perennial crops such as tea are anxious. “Granular urea is a need to for specific root action in tea. Theanine is a compound that is dependable for catechins in tea, which presents the flavonids in tea, is produced in the root zone. If Theanine is not produced in the root zone, the flavonid catechin will start dwindling.

Catechin is 1 of the most sought soon after components for the wellness industry. By spraying nano urea, will a reverse engineering requires position, say from the foliar zone will the nano urea trickle to the root zone to generate this compound. This has to be examined. Unless and right until a detailed very long-time period research is performed, we can’t find the money for to completely neglect granular urea,” Lakshmanan said.

In the Nilgiris, the allocation of urea been reduced by all-around 20 per cent this 12 months with a look at to swap it with natural and organic manures for producing the Nilgiris district an natural district, stated H N Sivan, member of the Nilgiris District Integrated Modest Tea Farmers Committee. Complete consumption of urea in Nilgiris is about 1,400 tonnes for every 12 months. The scarcity of urea is not likely to have any effects on the output as compact farmers apply it in incredibly fewer quantity, he said. Also, urea is becoming replaced with normal manure, Sivan extra.

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February 18, 2022

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