The majority of the population of the island consists of people of Indian origin. The remaining of the population are Creoles, Francophone, Chinese, Europeans and Anglophones. Although the English and Anglophones are minority in this population, English is the official language of the republic. And despite this, more than half the residents of Mauritius speak Mauritian Creole. In addition, part of the population speaks French yet another Anglo-Mauritian.
Climate of Mauritius
We note two main seasons in Mauritius: the southern summer, characterized by humidity and heat that begins in November and lasts until April. It is in this period that any cyclone can devastate a large part of the island and various precipitations can occur. Temperatures during this season are around 26 degree C to 32 degree C. However, from June until September is winter with light cold highly appreciated by the inhabitants, though at night the temperatures are much lower; on average these range from 20 degree C to 26 degree C. In addition, the sea temperatures from 26 degree C to 29 degree C in summer and reaches 20 degree C to 26 degree C in winter. On the bro climaxes where the elevation is about 600 meters, the ambient temperatures are particularly low throughout the year, ranging from 5 degree C to 3 degree C. The islands of Indian Ocean are obviously dominated by the winds of Alize. The rains and winds are much more common in eastern regions to the south.
Geography and population
This small island in the Indian Ocean 65 kilometers long from north to south and 45 km from east to west, which makes it an area of 2040 square kilometers The coastline of Mauritius stretch 330 kilometers and we can find a line of coral around the island by taking a fantastic form of barriers. Mauritius is located 900 kilometers east of Madagascar, about 2000 kilometers east coast of the African continent. Mauritius is also one of the islands of the archipelago and the Mascarene island of St. Brandon and Rodrigues and Agalega also part of the Republic of Mauritius. The central highlands are characterized by the presence of massive climaxes Pieter Both, Thumb and Mocha with respective altitudes as the first two 820 meters and 811 meters. The Piton, which is located in the South-east, not far from the central mountains has an altitude of 828 meters. It is the highest mountain of the island. The island also has magnificent volcanic craters, sat idle for many years, including “Trou Aux Cerfs”. We note that the majority of Mauritian plateau are slightly flat plates as you approach the coast. These variations are probably due to relief that the island was formerly a volcanic island. Approximately three million years ago, the tectonic plates underwater contributed to the formation of this charming island.
Most of the inhabitants of Mauritius lie in the area of the capital to the broad Curepipe. The origins of the Mauritian people come from all over the world, we noticed while Mauritian adopts different cultures of various ethnic groups. Indeed, the population is Indo-Mauritian, with a majority of Creoles, as well as white-Mauritian descendants of Europeans, the majority are Muslims and Hindus.
The economy of Mauritius is based on four main sectors: the Free Zones, the sugar industry being Mauritian main export, tourism and offshore. The latter, founded at the same time as the Republic of Mauritius, has mainly contributed to the Government of Mauritius to host the various affiliations and groups of the Ministry of Finance. The free zones enterprises which consist mainly of textile manufacturing on the island are, in general, of Eastern or European industries. Mauritius has made remarkable developments and increases in recent years, which has made the island a model and a reference in this field. Rapid economic growth shows the evidence of unprecedented twist in the history of a country.